Rugs That Originate From the Middle East

Rugs from Iran and Middle East
The Persian rug is said to be the most distinct item that embodies Middle Eastern art and culture most particularly in Iran. Known as Persia during the ancient times, Iran produces and exports three quarters of the world's total output for handmade carpets.
The Persian oriental rugs are known for its exquisite designs that are often copied by weavers around the world. However, due to the advancement in technology, the ancient tradition of handmade carpets competed with machine-made carpets.
Historical theory suggests that the art of carpet-weaving is at least 3500 years old. In 2013, a 17thcentury Persian carpet was auctioned for $33.8m in London and was dubbed as the most expensive carpet in the world.
In addition, among the oldest Persian carpet pieces were found in Eastern Turkestan, which dates back to third to fourth centuries AD.
Materials, Design and Weaving Process
Genuine Oriental rugs, specifically those that are manufactured in Iran, are made from wool. Wool has its different variety as well such as camel hair wool, Manchester wool and Kork wool. Silk, on the other hand, is an expensive material but less durable.
The Iran Carpet Company is the expert when it comes to Persian carpets. They were able to identify 19 classifications of patterns. Plants, roots and other natural substances are used for coloring or dying the oriental rugs.
Persian rugs are classified by regions, tribal or city, quality and size. Each region has its own style carpet-making. It can either be made in the city or by tribal groups. City rugs have a more detailed and colorful design while tribal rugs are mostly geometric in design with little details.
In terms of quality, Persian rugs are also identified by it knots count. When knot counts are higher, its quality is higher as well. Sizes, on the other hand, are classified as 7x10 feet, 8x12 feet and 10x13 feet.
Types of Oriental Rugs
There are numerous varieties of Persian rugs that are associated by region. Here are some of the popular types of rugs from Iran:
Caucasian carpet is woolen warps and wefts and is known to be made from places like Azerbaijan, Kazak, Baku, Koba, Shirvan and Karabakh. It has a warm natural shade and fierce design.
Qum carpet is named after the holy town of Qum in Tehran. Shah Abbah who lived from1586-1628 is the great patron of carpet weaving. This type of carpet is known for its silk pile and is tightly knotted. Patterns found in Qum carpets are hunting scenes, flowers, medallions and birds while the common colors are reddish brown, pink and turquoise.
Isfahan carpet is named after the old capital of ancient Persia. It was the first type of carpet that was recognized in the west because the ruler Shah Abbas sends carpets to western countries as a gift. Isfahan carpet is known for its flowers intertwined in branches and medallion patterns.
Kashan carpet was named after the industrial town of Iran. Kashan carpets have two kinds. First is the kashan carpet that is made of unbleached cotton with a Persian knot technique while the second kind is made from pure silk using the Turkish method. Kashan carpets have medallion patterns.
Tabriz carpets are known for its high quality with a variety of sizes. They are often found in museums and private collections because it is highly valuable. "Mahi" is the most famous Tabriz carpet design. Other patterns include vases, trees, hunting scenes and teardrop medallion.
Nain carpets are producted from high quality wool. Its patterns are similar with Isfahan carpets yet its distinctive designs are plants and animals. Colors include white, light ivory, blue and green.
Rug retailer and manufacturer for over twenty five years. Also founder of the web based rug pad site called Rug Pad USA, which manufactured and sells custom cut area rug pads for area rugs.
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